Browse Items (348 total)

TIFF; Ranch was acquired around 1905 and was next to property where the Abbey was built in the mid 1920's. In 1926, Warden Samuel Burris planted 3,000 cherry trees. In 1927, Warden Crawford made improvements; including work on the mess and bunkhouse. He felt this work increased the value by $10,000. In 1929 Crawford expected to pay the $5,000 due on the contract at that time. This did not happen due to the riot at the prison. In 1931, Best saw this ranch as never making a profit. It had not shown a profit in the past year because of a freeze in the Spring which affected the cherry crop. In 1932, Best reported they owed $23,000 on this property. He recommended paying the four years back interest on the property. Wanted to re-deed the property with the owner. In 1934, Best recommended paying past due payment. He made a deal whereby owners dropped the $23,000 debt to $18,000 and the state agreed to put in $3,000. In 1936, the State paid off the $15,000 owed on the property. Best built an adobe dormitory to house thirty prisoners to work on the ranch. The 1935 cherry crop was good but the 1936 crop failed. The apple crop on the ranch paid half as much as normal. Due to these circumstances Best started a small herd of pure-bred sheep pasturing on the property. Digital image created from copy negative. View of the fields of Ranch # 5 of the Colorado State Penitentiary grounds in Canon City, Colorado; open plowed fields in foreground and middle ground; a house and other buildings in center; orchard and utility pole in background; written on left side of photo: " # 5 Ranch". Roy Phelix Best (1900-1954) was Special Deputy Warden of the Colorado State Penitentiary prior to being appointed warden by Governor William Adams in mid-1932. Best came to Canon City after the destructive prison riots of 1929. He was given the responsibility of replacing almost the entire physical plant. He has been given credit for rebuilding the buildings at minimal cost to taxpayers. He also created a nationally respected industrial system which employed most of the prisoners under his care. His overall policy was "discipline without tryanny" and "No work, no play". This album of 111 black and white photographs is part of a collection of prison- related manuscript materials recovered from their storage in a tunnel under the prison buildings. The photographs document construction and activities of the prison during the first two years of Roy Best's time as warden. 1 negative : ill. b&w ; 5 in. x 4 in. 1 original : ill. b&w ; 7 7/8 in. x 3 9/16 in. (20.2 cm x 9.3 cm)

TIFF; The dairy barn on Ranch # 1 was constructed of reinforced concrete with a four-ply asbestos roof. It was considered to be very modern and sanitary for the time. It included a high pressure boiler and refrigeration system for the milk house. Attached to the barn is a 150 foot silo. Digital image created from copy negative. View of the the dairy barn of Ranch # 1 of the Colorado State Pentientiary grounds in Canon City, Colorado; open space in foreground; barn in middle ground; scaffolding with worker on it at end of barn; ladder leaning on side of barn; silo beside barn; car parked to right of barn; other buildings; label attached to bottom of photo reads: "Dairy Barn Ranch # 1, 11-10-33". Roy Phelix Best (1900-1954) was Special Deputy Warden of the Colorado State Penitentiary prior to being appointed warden by Governor William Adams in mid-1932. Best came to Canon City after the destructive prison riots of 1929. He was given the responsibility of replacing almost the entire physical plant. He has been given credit for rebuilding the buildings at minimal cost to taxpayers. He also created a nationally respected industrial system which employed most of the prisoners under his care. His overall policy was "discipline without tryanny" and "No work, no play". This album of 111 black and white photographs is part of a collection of prison- related manuscript materials recovered from their storage in a tunnel under the prison buildings. The photographs document construction and activities of the prison during the first two years of Roy Best's time as warden. 1 negative : ill. b&w ; 5 in. x 4 in. 1 original : ill. b&w ; 9 15/16 in. x 3 5/8 in. (25.3 cm x 9.3 cm)

TIFF; The bunkhouse was constructed of adobe brick made on the ranch. It housed 75 prisoners when it was completed in November, 1933. It was occupied shortly after that date. Stone was also quarried on the ranch and was used to build the barn, granaries and corrals. Titled by cataloger. Digital image created from copy negative. View of the bunkhouse being built at Ranch # 1 of the Colorado State Penitentiary grounds in Canon City, Colorado; open space in foreground; the end walls of a u-shaped adobe building faces viewer in center of photo; workmen and truck in front of building; ladder leaning on right side of building; construction debris on right and left sides of bunkhouse; label attached to bottom of photo reads: "Bunkhouse Ranch # 1, 11-4-33". Roy Phelix Best (1900-1954) was Special Deputy Warden of the Colorado State Penitentiary prior to being appointed warden by Governor William Adams in mid-1932. Best came to Canon City after the destructive prison riots of 1929. He was given the responsibility of replacing almost the entire physical plant. He has been given credit for rebuilding the buildings at minimal cost to taxpayers. He also created a nationally respected industrial system which employed most of the prisoners under his care. His overall policy was "discipline without tryanny" and "No work, no play". This album of 111 black and white photographs is part of a collection of prison- related manuscript materials recovered from their storage in a tunnel under the prison buildings. The photographs document construction and activities of the prison during the first two years of Roy Best's time as warden. 1 negative : ill. b&w ; 5 in. x 4 in. 1 original : ill. b&w ; 9 7/8 in. X 3 7/16 in. (25.2 cm x 8.7 cm)

TIFF; Digital image created from copy negative. View of the ground proposed for sites at Ranch # 1 of the Colorado State Penitentiary grounds in Canon City, Colorado; open space in foreground, middle ground and background; showing proposed location for the bunkhouse, milk house and cow barn; written along middle of photo below arrows: " Bunk House, Milk House, Cow Barn", "Proposed Sites" and in lower right corner: "9-30-32". Roy Phelix Best (1900-1954) was Special Deputy Warden of the Colorado State Penitentiary prior to being appointed warden by Governor William Adams in mid-1932. Best came to Canon City after the destructive prison riots of 1929. He was given the responsibility of replacing almost the entire physical plant. He has been given credit for rebuilding the buildings at minimal cost to taxpayers. He also created a nationally respected industrial system which employed most of the prisoners under his care. His overall policy was "discipline without tryanny" and "No work, no play". This album of 111 black and white photographs is part of a collection of prison- related manuscript materials recovered from their storage in a tunnel under the prison buildings. The photographs document construction and activities of the prison during the first two years of Roy Best's time as warden. 1 negative : ill. b&w ; 5 in. x 4 in. 1 original : ill. b&w ; 9 7/8 in. x 3 7/16 in. (25.2 cm x 8.7 cm)

TIFF; Ranch # 1 built dormitories to house prisoners that worked on the ranch. The photo shows the site where they were to be constructed. Digital image created from copy negative. View of the site of the dormitories at Ranch # 1 of the Colorado State Penitentiary grounds in Canon City, Colorado; open field in foreground, middle ground and background; written along bottom: "Site for Dormitories # 1 Ranch 9-9-32". Roy Phelix Best (1900-1954) was Special Deputy Warden of the Colorado State Penitentiary prior to being appointed warden by Governor William Adams in mid-1932. Best came to Canon City after the destructive prison riots of 1929. He was given the responsibility of replacing almost the entire physical plant. He has been given credit for rebuilding the buildings at minimal cost to taxpayers. He also created a nationally respected industrial system which employed most of the prisoners under his care. His overall policy was "discipline without tryanny" and "No work, no play". This album of 111 black and white photographs is part of a collection of prison- related manuscript materials recovered from their storage in a tunnel under the prison buildings. The photographs document construction and activities of the prison during the first two years of Roy Best's time as warden. 1 negative : ill. b&w ; 5 in. x 4 in. 1 original : ill. b&w ; 9 3/4 in. x 3 3/8 in. (24.8 cm x 8.6 cm)

TIFF; Foundation being poured for the new cow barn. Digital image created from copy negative. View of the dairy barn being built at of Ranch # 1 of the Colorado State Penitentiary grounds in Canon City, Colorado; open space in foreground with forms for corrals and car on left; men standing with wheelbarrows and other tools, tank wagon on left in middle ground; pile of dirt on right and left; open foundation in center; fields, trees and mountains in background; written along bottom: "Cow Barn under Construction Ranch No. 1" and "6-7-33". Roy Phelix Best (1900-1954) was Special Deputy Warden of the Colorado State Penitentiary prior to being appointed warden by Governor William Adams in mid-1932. Best came to Canon City after the destructive prison riots of 1929. He was given the responsibility of replacing almost the entire physical plant. He has been given credit for rebuilding the buildings at minimal cost to taxpayers. He also created a nationally respected industrial system which employed most of the prisoners under his care. His overall policy was "discipline without tryanny" and "No work, no play". This album of 111 black and white photographs is part of a collection of prison- related manuscript materials recovered from their storage in a tunnel under the prison buildings. The photographs document construction and activities of the prison during the first two years of Roy Best's time as warden. 1 negative : ill. b&w ; 5 in. x 4 in. 1 original : ill. b&w ; 9 13/16 in. x 3 5/8 in. (25 cm x 9.3 cm)

TIFF; The dairy barn on Ranch # 1 was constructed of reinforced concrete with a four-ply asbestos roof. It was considered to be very modern and sanitary for the time. It included a high pressure boiler and refrigeration system for the milk house. Attached to the barn is a 150 foot silo. Digital image created from copy negative. View of the the dairy barn of Ranch # 1 of the Colorado State Penitentiary grounds in Canon City, Colorado; open space in foreground; partly completed barn in middle ground; scaffolding with worker on it at end of barn; ladder leaning on side of barn; silo beside barn; car standing to left of barn; other buildings, trees in background; label attached to bottom of photo reads: "Dairy Barn Ranch No. 1, 11-4-32". Roy Phelix Best (1900-1954) was Special Deputy Warden of the Colorado State Penitentiary prior to being appointed warden by Governor William Adams in mid-1932. Best came to Canon City after the destructive prison riots of 1929. He was given the responsibility of replacing almost the entire physical plant. He has been given credit for rebuilding the buildings at minimal cost to taxpayers. He also created a nationally respected industrial system which employed most of the prisoners under his care. His overall policy was "discipline without tryanny" and "No work, no play". This album of 111 black and white photographs is part of a collection of prison- related manuscript materials recovered from their storage in a tunnel under the prison buildings. The photographs document construction and activities of the prison during the first two years of Roy Best's time as warden. 1 negative : ill. b&w ; 5 in. x 4 in. 1 original : ill. b&w ; 9 13/16 in. x 3 5/8 in. (25 cm x 9.3 cm)

TIFF; Digital image created from copy negative. View of the excavations for the east wall of the Colorado State Pentientiary grounds in Canon City, Colorado; shows scaffolding standing on hillside; hill was excavated to ground level; on right side at top of rocky hill a tower is visible; shadow of worker visible in lower left corner; written near bottom: "Excavation for the East Wall" and "9-30-32". Roy Phelix Best (1900-1954) was Special Deputy Warden of the Colorado State Penitentiary prior to being appointed warden by Governor William Adams in mid-1932. Best came to Canon City after the destructive prison riots of 1929. He was given the responsibility of replacing almost the entire physical plant. He has been given credit for rebuilding the buildings at minimal cost to taxpayers. He also created a nationally respected industrial system which employed most of the prisoners under his care. His overall policy was "discipline without tryanny" and "No work, no play". This album of 111 black and white photographs is part of a collection of prison- related manuscript materials recovered from their storage in a tunnel under the prison buildings. The photographs document construction and activities of the prison during the first two years of Roy Best's time as warden. 1 negative : ill. b&w ; 5 in. x 4 in. 1 original : ill. b&w ; 9 3/4 in. x 3 7/16 in. (24.8 cm x 8.7 cm)

TIFF; Digital image created from copy negative. View of the Iron and Soda Spring at the southwest corner of the Colorado State Penitentiary grounds in Canon City, Colorado; railroad tracks curve across foreground; middle ground shows trees, 3 buildings of the Springs and ornamental light pole; Soda Point Tower of the prison is on the hill to the left rear; hillside in background; man standing in entrance of building; written along bottom: "Iron and Soda Spring". Roy Phelix Best (1900-1954) was Special Deputy Warden of the Colorado State Penitentiary prior to being appointed warden by Governor William Adams in mid-1932. Best came to Canon City after the destructive prison riots of 1929. He was given the responsibility of replacing almost the entire physical plant. He has been given credit for rebuilding the buildings at minimal cost to taxpayers. He also created a nationally respected industrial system which employed most of the prisoners under his care. His overall policy was "discipline without tryanny" and "No work, no play". This album of 111 black and white photographs is part of a collection of prison- related manuscript materials recovered from their storage in a tunnel under the prison buildings. The photographs document construction and activities of the prison during the first two years of Roy Best's time as warden. 1 negative : ill. b&w ; 5 in. x 4 in. 1 original : ill. b&w ; 9 13/16 in. x 3 7/16 in. (25 cm x 8.7 cm)

TIFF; Prisoners are excavating the site on the hill north of the prison where two new water reservoir tanks are to be placed. Black and white photo shows 19 men working along cave-like excavation in rocky wall; planks in foreground laid on ground; men shoveling debris into wheelbarrels; rocky hillside in background; written in left center of photo: "Excavating Site for New reservior C.S.P. 3-8-34". Roy Phelix Best (1900-1954) was Special Deputy Warden of the Colorado State Penitentiary prior to being appointed warden by Governor William Adams in mid-1932. Best came to Canon City after the destructive prison riots of 1929. He was given the responsibility of replacing almost the entire physical plant. He has been given credit for rebuilding the buildings at minimal cost to taxpayers. He also created a nationally respected industrial system which employed most of the prisoners under his care. His overall policy was "discipline without tryanny" and "No work, no play". This album of 111 black and white photographs is part of a collection of prison- related manuscript materials recovered from their storage in a tunnel under the prison buildings. The photographs document construction and activities of the prison during the first two years of Roy Best's time as warden. 1 negative : ill. b&w ; 5 in. x 4 in. 1 original : ill. b&w ; 9 3/4 in. x 3 7/16 in. (25.8 cm x 8.7 cm)

TIFF; To obtain access to Ranch # 1 a new road had to be built from McKenzie Avenue onto the Ranch. Inmate labor was used to construct the road. Titled by cataloger. Digital image created from copy negative. Panoramic view of road to Ranch # 1 of the Colorado State Penitentiary in Canon City, Colorado; close-up view shows dirt road under construction up a hill; trees, brush on either side of road; truck along roadside; written along bottom: "#1 Ranch Road Under Construction 9-9-32". Roy Phelix Best (1900-1954) was Special Deputy Warden of the Colorado State Penitentiary prior to being appointed warden by Governor William Adams in mid-1932. Best came to Canon City after the destructive prison riots of 1929. He was given the responsibility of replacing almost the entire physical plant. He has been given credit for rebuilding the buildings at minimal cost to taxpayers. He also created a nationally respected industrial system which employed most of the prisoners under his care. His overall policy was "discipline without tryanny" and "No work, no play". This album of 111 black and white photographs is part of a collection of prison- related manuscript materials recovered from their storage in a tunnel under the prison buildings. The photographs document construction and activities of the prison during the first two years of Roy Best's time as warden. 1 negative : ill. b&w ; 5 in. x 4 in. 1 original : ill. b&w ; 9 3/4 in. x 3 7/16 in. (24.8 cm x 8.7 cm)

TIFF; To obtain access to Ranch # 1 a new road had to be built from McKenzie Avenue east to the Ranch. Inmate labor was used to construct the road. Titled by cataloger. Digital image created from copy negative. View of Ranch # 1 of the Colorado State Pentientiary in Canon City, Colorado; panoramic, scenic view shows road being built on hillside; trees, brush on either side of road; trucks along roadside; surveyor's tripod in lower left corner; written along bottom: "-- Construction 9-9-32". Roy Phelix Best (1900-1954) was Special Deputy Warden of the Colorado State Penitentiary prior to being appointed warden by Governor William Adams in mid-1932. Best came to Canon City after the destructive prison riots of 1929. He was given the responsibility of replacing almost the entire physical plant. He has been given credit for rebuilding the buildings at minimal cost to taxpayers. He also created a nationally respected industrial system which employed most of the prisoners under his care. His overall policy was "discipline without tryanny" and "No work, no play". This album of 111 black and white photographs is part of a collection of prison- related manuscript materials recovered from their storage in a tunnel under the prison buildings. The photographs document construction and activities of the prison during the first two years of Roy Best's time as warden. 1 negative : ill. b&w ; 5 in. x 4 in. 1 original : ill. b&w ; 9 7/8 in. x 3 5/8 in. (25.2 cm x 9.3 cm)

TIFF; The bunkhouse was for the herdsman that worked the turkey ranch. Ranch # 1 also made adobe brick. Digital image created from copy negative. View of Ranch # 1 of the Colorado State Penitentiary in Canon City, Colorado; open space in foreground; buildings - new dining room and bunkhouse - in middle ground; one-story wood and stone buildings; tent to right of buildings; 2 men standing in front of center building; trees, fence in background; written along bottom: "New Dining Room and Bunk House Ranch No. 1 6-7-33". Roy Phelix Best (1900-1954) was Special Deputy Warden of the Colorado State Penitentiary prior to being appointed warden by Governor William Adams in mid-1932. Best came to Canon City after the destructive prison riots of 1929. He was given the responsibility of replacing almost the entire physical plant. He has been given credit for rebuilding the buildings at minimal cost to taxpayers. He also created a nationally respected industrial system which employed most of the prisoners under his care. His overall policy was "discipline without tryanny" and "No work, no play". This album of 111 black and white photographs is part of a collection of prison- related manuscript materials recovered from their storage in a tunnel under the prison buildings. The photographs document construction and activities of the prison during the first two years of Roy Best's time as warden. 1 negative : ill. b&w ; 5 in. x 4 in. 1 original : ill. b&w ; 9 7/8 in. x 3 5/8 in. (25.2 cm x 9.3 cm)

TIFF; The dairy farm was relocated to Ranch #1 in March, 1934. The herd consisted of 126 head of registered and graded Holstein cattle, 53 cows were being milked daily. The cows produced 200 gallons of milk per day and the enterprise made a net profit of $6,000 per year. The corrals and sheds were built of stone that was quarried and cut on the premises. The corrals accomodated the hospitalization, calving and weaning of cattle. Ranch #1 was fifteen acres. Acting Warden John P. Allen acquired the title on May 15, 1932. Prior to this date, the state had leased the property from several different owners. The initial payment was $25,000. Digital image created from copy negative. View of construction work at Ranch # 1 of the Colorado State Penitentiary in Canon City, Colorado; located off McKenzie Boulevard between Canon City and Florence; one-story, eclectic Mission-style adobe brick buildings under construction on left and right sides of photo; rock strewn ground; ladder leans against right building; bare tree in foreground on left; workmen in center; hills in background; written lower left corner: "Construction Work Ranch #1 3-8-34". Roy Phelix Best (1900-1954) was Special Deputy Warden of the Colorado State Penitentiary prior to being appointed warden by Governor William Adams in mid-1932. Best came to Canon City after the destructive prison riots of 1929. He was given the responsibility of replacing almost the entire physical plant. He has been given credit for rebuilding the buildings at minimal cost to taxpayers. He also created a nationally respected industrial system which employed most of the prisoners under his care. His overall policy was "discipline without tryanny" and "No work, no play". This album of 111 black and white photographs is part of a collection of prison- related manuscript materials recovered from their storage in a tunnel under the prison buildings. The photographs document construction and activities of the prison during the first two years of Roy Best's time as warden. 1 negative : ill. b&w ; 5 in. x 4 in. 1 original : ill. b&w ; 9 3/4 in. x 3 11/16 in. (24.8 cm x 9.4 cm)

TIFF; Titled by cataloger. Digital image created from copy negative. View of the gardens at the Colorado State Penitentiary in Canon City, Colorado; located to the west of the prison on the other side of the hill; piggery is here as well as the chickens and turkeys; gardens in right middle ground with pens and buildings; open fields bordered by trees in left; mountains in background; written at bottom below arrow: "GARDEN 9-9-32". Roy Phelix Best (1900-1954) was Special Deputy Warden of the Colorado State Penitentiary prior to being appointed warden by Governor William Adams in mid-1932. Best came to Canon City after the destructive prison riots of 1929. He was given the responsibility of replacing almost the entire physical plant. He has been given credit for rebuilding the buildings at minimal cost to taxpayers. He also created a nationally respected industrial system which employed most of the prisoners under his care. His overall policy was "discipline without tryanny" and "No work, no play". This album of 111 black and white photographs is part of a collection of prison- related manuscript materials recovered from their storage in a tunnel under the prison buildings. The photographs document construction and activities of the prison during the first two years of Roy Best's time as warden. 1 negative : ill. b&w ; 5 in. x 4 in. 1 original : ill. b&w ; 9 5/8 in. x 3 3/8 in. (24.5 cm x 8.6 cm)

TIFF; Digital image created from copy negative. View of the north wall at the Colorado State Penitentiary in Canon City, Colorado; taken from the southeast corner of the penitentiary looking west down the wall; east tower is in the right front corner of photo; Cellhouse 6 is in the middle; just behind the north wall is the hospital and Cellhouse 5; utility pole and wires on left side of photo; hills in background; written in lower left corner: "North Wall" and in lower right corner: "EAST GATE TOWER 7-20-32". Roy Phelix Best (1900-1954) was Special Deputy Warden of the Colorado State Penitentiary prior to being appointed warden by Governor William Adams in mid-1932. Best came to Canon City after the destructive prison riots of 1929. He was given the responsibility of replacing almost the entire physical plant. He has been given credit for rebuilding the buildings at minimal cost to taxpayers. He also created a nationally respected industrial system which employed most of the prisoners under his care. His overall policy was "discipline without tryanny" and "No work, no play". This album of 111 black and white photographs is part of a collection of prison- related manuscript materials recovered from their storage in a tunnel under the prison buildings. The photographs document construction and activities of the prison during the first two years of Roy Best's time as warden. 1 negative : ill. b&w ; 5 in. x 4 in. 1 original : ill. b&w ; 9 5/8 in. x 3 3/8 in. (24.5 cm x 8.6 cm)

TIFF; Digital image created from copy negative. View of the hill in back of the Colorado State Penitentiary in Canon City, Colorado; looking east showing quarry face where prisoners cut stone for buildings and for the walls of the prison; rocky hillsides running from foreground to background; written along bottom: "Hill back of C.S.P. Looking East 3-8-32". Roy Phelix Best (1900-1954) was Special Deputy Warden of the Colorado State Penitentiary prior to being appointed warden by Governor William Adams in mid-1932. Best came to Canon City after the destructive prison riots of 1929. He was given the responsibility of replacing almost the entire physical plant. He has been given credit for rebuilding the buildings at minimal cost to taxpayers. He also created a nationally respected industrial system which employed most of the prisoners under his care. His overall policy was "discipline without tryanny" and "No work, no play". This album of 111 black and white photographs is part of a collection of prison- related manuscript materials recovered from their storage in a tunnel under the prison buildings. The photographs document construction and activities of the prison during the first two years of Roy Best's time as warden. 1 negative : ill. b&w ; 5 in x 4 in. 1 original : ill. b&w ; 9 3/4 in. x 3 5/8 in. (24.8 cm x 9.3 cm)

TIFF; The old hog pens were located north of the prison complex and were moved to the new location at the prison gardens in 1932. Digital image created from copy negative. View of the old hog pens at the Colorado State Penitentiary in Canon City, Colorado; open rocky ground in foreground; sheds and corrals in right middle ground; tower in center background; written along bottom: "Old Hog Pens 9-30-32". Roy Phelix Best (1900-1954) was Special Deputy Warden of the Colorado State Penitentiary prior to being appointed warden by Governor William Adams in mid-1932. Best came to Canon City after the destructive prison riots of 1929. He was given the responsibility of replacing almost the entire physical plant. He has been given credit for rebuilding the buildings at minimal cost to taxpayers. He also created a nationally respected industrial system which employed most of the prisoners under his care. His overall policy was "discipline without tryanny" and "No work, no play". This album of 111 black and white photographs is part of a collection of prison- related manuscript materials recovered from their storage in a tunnel under the prison buildings. The photographs document construction and activities of the prison during the first two years of Roy Best's time as warden. 1 negative : ill. b&w ; 5 in.x 4 in. 1 original : ill. b&w ; 9 5/8 in. x 3 3/8 in. (24.5 cm x 8.6 cm)

TIFF; The hog pens were located on the west side of the prison approximately 1/2 mile away. The pens were moved from behind the prison to this location in 1932 and new buildings were constructed. The pens were at the north end of the prison gardens. Titled by cataloger. Digital image created from copy negative. View of the hog pens at the Colorado State Penitentiary in Canon City, Colorado; rocky ground and brush in foreground; hog pens in center of picture; pens consisted of numerous shed, and corrals; building, brush in center background; written along bottom: "Hog Pens 9-30-32" Roy Phelix Best (1900-1954) was Special Deputy Warden of the Colorado State Penitentiary prior to being appointed warden by Governor William Adams in mid-1932. Best came to Canon City after the destructive prison riots of 1929. He was given the responsibility of replacing almost the entire physical plant. He has been given credit for rebuilding the buildings at minimal cost to taxpayers. He also created a nationally respected industrial system which employed most of the prisoners under his care. His overall policy was "discipline without tryanny" and "No work, no play". This album of 111 black and white photographs is part of a collection of prison- related manuscript materials recovered from their storage in a tunnel under the prison buildings. The photographs document construction and activities of the prison during the first two years of Roy Best's time as warden. 1 negative : ill. b&w ; 5 in. x 4 in. 1 original : ill. b&w ; 9 5/8 in. x 3 3/8 in. (24.5 cm x 8.6 cm)

TIFF; Digital image created from copy negative. View of the East Gate at the Colorado State Penitentiary in Canon City, Colorado; stone prison wall, gate, guard tower and railroad tracks in foreground; hill in left background; tracks enter into prison; metal railing along walkway above gate; guard tower in far distance on left; label attached along bottom: "Tramway Thru East Gate Colo. ST. Prison 2-7-34". Roy Phelix Best (1900-1954) was Special Deputy Warden of the Colorado State Penitentiary prior to being appointed warden by Governor William Adams in mid-1932. Best came to Canon City after the destructive prison riots of 1929. He was given the responsibility of replacing almost the entire physical plant. He has been given credit for rebuilding the buildings at minimal cost to taxpayers. He also created a nationally respected industrial system which employed most of the prisoners under his care. His overall policy was "discipline without tryanny" and "No work, no play". This album of 111 black and white photographs is part of a collection of prison- related manuscript materials recovered from their storage in a tunnel under the prison buildings. The photographs document construction and activities of the prison during the first two years of Roy Best's time as warden. 1 negative : ill. b&w ; 5 in. x 4 in. 1 original : ill. b&w ; 9 7/8 in. x 3 3/8 in. 25.2 cm x 8.6 cm)

TIFF; Titled by cataloger. Digital image created from copy negative. View of the prison grounds at the Colorado State Penitentiary in Canon City, Colorado; prison crew working to clear area and level grounds for the prison complex; open area in foreground; man standing in lower left near metal barrel; railroad tracks curve in middle ground and continue to upper level where railcars are shown; hills in background; prison wall in right middle ground; two guard towers in right background; inmate crew works at foot of hill; label attached along bottom: "Hill Gang Colo. St. Prison 2-7-34". Roy Phelix Best (1900-1954) was Special Deputy Warden of the Colorado State Penitentiary prior to being appointed warden by Governor William Adams in mid-1932. Best came to Canon City after the destructive prison riots of 1929. He was given the responsibility of replacing almost the entire physical plant. He has been given credit for rebuilding the buildings at minimal cost to taxpayers. He also created a nationally respected industrial system which employed most of the prisoners under his care. His overall policy was "discipline without tryanny" and "No work, no play". This album of 111 black and white photographs is part of a collection of prison- related manuscript materials recovered from their storage in a tunnel under the prison buildings. The photographs document construction and activities of the prison during the first two years of Roy Best's time as warden. 1 negative : ill. b&w ; 5 in. x 4 in. 1 original : ill. b&w ; 9 15/16 in. 3 3/4 in. (25.3 cm x 9.5 cm)

TIFF; Digital image created from copy negative. View of the prison grounds at the Colorado State Pentientiary in Canon City, Colorado; shows work crew on top of the wall as they work; wall on right side foreground; scaffolding in center of photo; railroad tracks in middle of photo running from foreground to background; piles of rocks, wood, etc in foreground; tower in left background; written in lower right corner: "East Wall Gang"; and in upper right corner: "9-30-32". Roy Phelix Best (1900-1954) was Special Deputy Warden of the Colorado State Penitentiary prior to being appointed warden by Governor William Adams in mid-1932. Best came to Canon City after the destructive prison riots of 1929. He was given the responsibility of replacing almost the entire physical plant. He has been given credit for rebuilding the buildings at minimal cost to taxpayers. He also created a nationally respected industrial system which employed most of the prisoners under his care. His overall policy was "discipline without tryanny" and "No work, no play". This album of 111 black and white photographs is part of a collection of prison- related manuscript materials recovered from their storage in a tunnel under the prison buildings. The photographs document construction and activities of the prison during the first two years of Roy Best's time as warden. 1 negative : ill. b&w ; 5 in. x 4 in. 1 original : ill. b&w ; 9 7/8 in. x 3 3/8 in. (25.2 cm x 8.6 cm)

TIFF; Photograph shows rocky ground everywhere; middle ground shows large, even ridge of dirt with train cars at crest dumping dirt over the edge or ridge; guard tower in center; trees, hill in background; written along bottom: "Dirt Dump for Hill Gang" and "4-30-32". Roy Phelix Best (1900-1954) was Special Deputy Warden of the Colorado State Penitentiary prior to being appointed warden by Governor William Adams in mid-1932. Best came to Canon City after the destructive prison riots of 1929. He was given the responsibility of replacing almost the entire physical plant. He has been given credit for rebuilding the buildings at minimal cost to taxpayers. He also created a nationally respected industrial system which employed most of the prisoners under his care. His overall policy was "discipline without tryanny" and "No work, no play". This album of 111 black and white photographs is part of a collection of prison- related manuscript materials recovered from their storage in a tunnel under the prison buildings. The photographs document construction and activities of the prison during the first two years of Roy Best's time as warden. Prisoners created the dirt hill in photo while they were excavating the hill. Digital image created from copy negative. 1 negative : ill. b&w ; 5 in. x 4 in. 1 original : ill. b&w ; 9 7/8 in. x 3 3/8 in. (25.2 cm x 8.6 cm)

TIFF; 1 negative : ill. b&w ; 5 in.x 4 in. 1 original : ill. b&w ; 9 15/16 in. x 3 1/2 in. (25.3 cm x 9.2 cm) Roy Phelix Best (1900-1954) was Special Deputy Warden of the Colorado State Penitentiary prior to being appointed warden by Governor William Adams in mid-1932. Best came to Canon City after the destructive prison riots of 1929. He was given the responsibility of replacing almost the entire physical plant. He has been given credit for rebuilding the buildings at minimal cost to taxpayers. He also created a nationally respected industrial system which employed most of the prisoners under his care. His overall policy was "discipline without tryanny" and "No work, no play". This album of 111 black and white photographs is part of a collection of prison- related manuscript materials recovered from their storage in a tunnel under the prison buildings. The photographs document construction and activities of the prison during the first two years of Roy Best's time as warden. Digital image created from copy negative. View of the dirt dump at the Colorado State Penitentiary in Canon City, Colorado; taken inside the prison grounds and shows the new east gate built into the wall in center middle ground; 2 sets of narrow-guage railroad tracks run form left foreground to gate; right side shows rocky ground and prison wall running back to gate; guard towers in the background on the right are Tower 16 and Tower 6A; hills in left background; written along bottom: "New East Gate + Dirt Train from Hill Gang"; written in right upper corner: "9-30-32".

TIFF; 1 negative : ill. b&w ; 5 in. x 4 in. 1 original : ill. b&w ; 10 in. x 3 3/4 in. (25.4 cm x 9.5 cm) Roy Phelix Best (1900-1954) was Special Deputy Warden of the Colorado State Penitentiary prior to being appointed warden by Governor William Adams in mid-1932. Best came to Canon City after the destructive prison riots of 1929. He was given the responsibility of replacing almost the entire physical plant. He has been given credit for rebuilding the buildings at minimal cost to taxpayers. He also created a nationally respected industrial system which employed most of the prisoners under his care. His overall policy was "discipline without tryanny" and "No work, no play". This album of 111 black and white photographs is part of a collection of prison- related manuscript materials recovered from their storage in a tunnel under the prison buildings. The photographs document construction and activities of the prison during the first two years of Roy Best's time as warden. Digital image created from copy negative. View of the prison grounds at the Colorado State Penitentiary in Canon City, Colorado; open space in foreground; railroad tracks running through middle ground; hills in background; prison buildings in left middle ground; guard tower on right; prisoners working on the hill behind the prison complex leveling off from the Canon City Hydraulic Ditch to the hill; silos are visible behind prison wall with the scaffolding still in place for construction of the north wall; written in left lower corner: "Hill Gang Colo St Prison 2-7-34".

TIFF; 1 negative : ill. b&w ; 5 in. x 4 in. 1 original : ill. b&w ; 9 13/16 in. x 3 7/8 in. (25 cm x 8.7 cm) View of the future recreation area at the Colorado State Penitentiary in Canon City, Colorado; before the crews began to level it out; open space in foreground; Cellhouse # 6 is visible on left middle ground; recreation area is to right of it; prisoners leveling ground from hydraulic ditch to hill; 7 railcars on tracks at foot of hill; guard tower on hill; prison wall on right of photo; written along bottom: "Gangs Leveling Off From Ditch to Hill" and "9-30-32". Roy Phelix Best (1900-1954) was Special Deputy Warden of the Colorado State Penitentiary prior to being appointed warden by Governor William Adams in mid-1932. Best came to Canon City after the destructive prison riots of 1929. He was given the responsibility of replacing almost the entire physical plant. He has been given credit for rebuilding the buildings at minimal cost to taxpayers. He also created a nationally respected industrial system which employed most of the prisoners under his care. His overall policy was "discipline without tryanny" and "No work, no play". This album of 111 black and white photographs is part of a collection of prison- related manuscript materials recovered from their storage in a tunnel under the prison buildings. The photographs document construction and activities of the prison during the first two years of Roy Best's time as warden. Digital image created from copy negative.

TIFF; 1 negative : ill. b&w ; 5 in. x 4 in. 1 original : ill. b&w ; 9 13/16 in. x 3 7/8 in. (25 cm x 8.7 cm) Roy Phelix Best (1900-1954) was Special Deputy Warden of the Colorado State Penitentiary prior to being appointed warden by Governor William Adams in mid-1932. Best came to Canon City after the destructive prison riots of 1929. He was given the responsibility of replacing almost the entire physical plant. He has been given credit for rebuilding the buildings at minimal cost to taxpayers. He also created a nationally respected industrial system which employed most of the prisoners under his care. His overall policy was "discipline without tryanny" and "No work, no play". This album of 111 black and white photographs is part of a collection of prison- related manuscript materials recovered from their storage in a tunnel under the prison buildings. The photographs document construction and activities of the prison during the first two years of Roy Best's time as warden. The tower on the hill was a temporary structure in order to oversee work the prisoners were doing on the hill and the construction of Cellhouse 6. The area was referred to as the rock quarry. Titled by cataloger. Digital image created from copy negative. View of the recreation area at the Colorado State Penitentiary in Canon City, Colorado; leveling of ground; open space in foreground; Cellhouse 6 in left middle ground; left of Cellhouse 6, inmates clear area behind the prison to build north wall; railcars on tracks at foot of hill in middleground; guard tower on hill; written in upper right corner: "9-30-32".

TIFF; 1 negative : ill. b&w ; 5 in. x 4 in. 1 original : ill. b&w ; 9 7/8 in. x 3 1/2 in. (25.2 cm x 9.2 cm) View of the recreation grounds at the Colorado State Penitentiary in Canon City, Colorado; open space in foreground; stone wall on right side of photo; building in left middle ground; people scattered around grounds; mountains in background; written along bottom: "New Recreation Grounds" and "5-17-33". Roy Phelix Best (1900-1954) was Special Deputy Warden of the Colorado State Penitentiary prior to being appointed warden by Governor William Adams in mid-1932. Best came to Canon City after the destructive prison riots of 1929. He was given the responsibility of replacing almost the entire physical plant. He has been given credit for rebuilding the buildings at minimal cost to taxpayers. He also created a nationally respected industrial system which employed most of the prisoners under his care. His overall policy was "discipline without tryanny" and "No work, no play". This album of 111 black and white photographs is part of a collection of prison- related manuscript materials recovered from their storage in a tunnel under the prison buildings. The photographs document construction and activities of the prison during the first two years of Roy Best's time as warden. In 1930, Warden Crawford requistioned money to create a recreation area on the grounds for use of prisoners. In 1933, land was cleared for the recreation area on east side of Cellhouse 6. Best believed in exercise for prisoners and even solved grudges that one prisoner had with another by making them have a boxing match. Prisoners were encouraged to play basketball, baseball and to participate in organized boxing. Best made sure the prisoners had time for physical fitness. Digital image created from copy negative.

TIFF; Roy Phelix Best (1900-1954) was Special Deputy Warden of the Colorado State Penitentiary prior to being appointed warden by Governor William Adams in mid-1932. Best came to Canon City after the destructive prison riots of 1929. He was given the responsibility of replacing almost the entire physical plant. He has been given credit for rebuilding the buildings at minimal cost to taxpayers. He also created a nationally respected industrial system which employed most of the prisoners under his care. His overall policy was "discipline without tryanny" and "No work, no play".This album of 111 black and white photographs is part of a collection of prison- related manuscript materials recovered from their storage in a tunnel under the prison buildings. The photographs document construction and activities of the prison during the first two years of Roy Best's time as warden. View of inmates working at the Colorado State Penitentiary in Canon City, Colorado; inmates dressing stone and excavating land for the building of the new north wall of the prison; railroad track in left corner foreground; another track is along bottom of the hill - note railcar and workers; guard tower on hill in center of photo; handwritten on photo at bottom: "Hill Gang" and "5-17-33"; on hillside: "Excavation for New North Wall"; in left upper corner: "Cell House # 6". 1 negative : ill. b&w ; 5 in. x 4 in. 1 original : ill. b&w ; 10 in. x 3 9/16 in. (25.4 cm x 9.3 cm) Digital image created from copy negative.

TIFF; Roy Phelix Best (1900-1954) was Special Deputy Warden of the Colorado State Penitentiary prior to being appointed warden by Governor William Adams in mid-1932. Best came to Canon City after the destructive prison riots of 1929. He was given the responsibility of replacing almost the entire physical plant. He has been given credit for rebuilding the buildings at minimal cost to taxpayers. He also created a nationally respected industrial system which employed most of the prisoners under his care. His overall policy was "discipline without tryanny" and "No work, no play". This album of 111 black and white photographs is part of a collection of prison- related manuscript materials recovered from their storage in a tunnel under the prison buildings. The photographs document construction and activities of the prison during the first two years of Roy Best's time as warden. In 1932, Best improved heating system in Cellhouses 2 & 3. He added a tier to Cellhouse 3. In 1934, Best painted and installed new wiring system to Cellhouse 4. 1 negative : ill. b&w ; 5 in. x 4 in. 1 original : ill. b&w ; 9 13/16 in. x 3 3/8 in. (25 cm x 8.6 cm) View outside the north wall at the Colorado State Pentientiary in Canon City, Colorado; looking north-west; left foreground is north wall and shadow from it; utility poles run up left side of road; railroad tracks in road; large building at the far end of the road is the store room; building to its right is the garage and more storage for produce; scaffolding is being used for construction of the new north wall; hills in background; handwritten in left corner: "Outside North Wall" and "4-3-32"; man walking to right of photo.

TIFF; 1 negative : ill. b&w ; 5 in.x 4 in. 1 original : ill. b&w ; 9 7/8 in. x 3 3/8 in. (25.2 cm x 8.6 cm) Roy Phelix Best (1900-1954) was Special Deputy Warden of the Colorado State Penitentiary prior to being appointed warden by Governor William Adams in mid-1932. Best came to Canon City after the destructive prison riots of 1929. He was given the responsibility of replacing almost the entire physical plant. He has been given credit for rebuilding the buildings at minimal cost to taxpayers. He also created a nationally respected industrial system which employed most of the prisoners under his care. His overall policy was "discipline without tryanny" and "No work, no play". This album of 111 black and white photographs is part of a collection of prison- related manuscript materials recovered from their storage in a tunnel under the prison buildings. The photographs document construction and activities of the prison during the first two years of Roy Best's time as warden. View inside prison complex at the Colorado State Penitentiary in Canon City, Colorado; facing east; on far left is Cellhouse 3; center is Cellhouse 2; center of photo shows Canon City Hydraulic Ditch, Cellhouse #4, carpenter, tailor and curio shops; bridge across Canon City Hydraulic Ditchwith man on it; men leaning on buildings; hand-written by appropriate buildings: "# 3 Cell House", "# 2 Cell House", " # 4 Cellhouse/Carpenter, Tailor & Curio Shops" and in upper right corner "9-30-32". In 1932, Best improved heating system in Cellhouses 2 & 3. He added a tier to Cellhouse 3. In 1934, Best painted and installed new wiring system to Cellhouse 4.

TIFF; 1 negative : ill. b&w ; 5 in. x 4 in. 1 original : ill. b&w ; 8 1/8 in. x 3 in. (20.6 cm x 12.8 cm) Roy Phelix Best (1900-1954) was Special Deputy Warden of the Colorado State Penitentiary prior to being appointed warden by Governor William Adams in mid-1932. Best came to Canon City after the destructive prison riots of 1929. He was given the responsibility of replacing almost the entire physical plant. He has been given credit for rebuilding the buildings at minimal cost to taxpayers. He also created a nationally respected industrial system which employed most of the prisoners under his care. His overall policy was "discipline without tryanny" and "No work, no play". This album of 111 black and white photographs is part of a collection of prison- related manuscript materials recovered from their storage in a tunnel under the prison buildings. The photographs document construction and activities of the prison during the first two years of Roy Best's time as warden. Black and white photograph shows two people - one man and one woman (or man dressed as a woman); man wearing vertically-striped suit, patten leather pumps with spats, suspenders over turtlenecked t-shirt with horizontal pin-stripes and bowler hat; woman wearing black tights, huraches with paper bows, stripped skirt, long overblouse, dainty chain necklace and large velvet tam; both smiling; label attched to bottom of photo reads: "BOWERY TEAM, MINSTREL SHOW, JANUARY 1, 1934". The Bowery team was part of the Ministral show that was presented at the prison New Year's Day, January 1, 1934

TIFF; 1 negative : ill. b&w ; 5 in. x 4 in. 1 original : ill. b&w ; 7 15/16 in. x 3 11/16 in. (20.3 cm x 9.4 cm) Three-quarter view of the women's building at the Colorado State Penitentiary in Canon City, Colorado; three-story stone building was built to house the female population at the prison; trees right side of photo; stairs lead down from second level on building's left side to walkway; hills in background; written along bottom: "Women's Quarters 9-30-32". As of 11-30-32 there were twenty-nine female inmates. Best requested $55,000 for this building in his 1932 report. This women's building was to be remodeled in order to segregate habitual criminals from the general population when the new women's unit was built. Roy Phelix Best (1900-1954) was Special Deputy Warden of the Colorado State Penitentiary prior to being appointed warden by Governor William Adams in mid-1932. Best came to Canon City after the destructive prison riots of 1929. He was given the responsibility of replacing almost the entire physical plant. He has been given credit for rebuilding the buildings at minimal cost to taxpayers. He also created a nationally respected industrial system which employed most of the prisoners under his care. His overall policy was "discipline without tryanny" and "No work, no play". This album of 111 black and white photographs is part of a collection of prison- related manuscript materials recovered from their storage in a tunnel under the prison buildings. The photographs document construction and activities of the prison during the first two years of Roy Best's time as warden.

TIFF; 1 negative : ill. b&w ; 5 in. x 4 in. 1 original : ill. b&w ; 7 15/16 in. x 3 11/16 in. (20.3 cm x 9.4 cm) Roy Phelix Best (1900-1954) was Special Deputy Warden of the Colorado State Penitentiary prior to being appointed warden by Governor William Adams in mid-1932. Best came to Canon City after the destructive prison riots of 1929. He was given the responsibility of replacing almost the entire physical plant. He has been given credit for rebuilding the buildings at minimal cost to taxpayers. He also created a nationally respected industrial system which employed most of the prisoners under his care. His overall policy was "discipline without tryanny" and "No work, no play". This album of 111 black and white photographs is part of a collection of prison- related manuscript materials recovered from their storage in a tunnel under the prison buildings. The photographs document construction and activities of the prison during the first two years of Roy Best's time as warden. This was to be the location of the new women's prison which was completed in 1935. View of the hospital grounds at the Colorado State Penitentiary in Canon City, Colorado; taken September 4, 1932; lawn in foreground; hospital in background; two-story stone building with 4-columned entrance porch; prison walls run on both sides of hospital; people standing in front of bulding; tower in right upper corner; handwritten on photo along bottom: "Hospital and # 5 Cellhouse" and in upper right corner: "Sep 4-32"; prisoners wearing hats can be seen on front walk and in yard; roof of women's quarters center behind wall.

TIFF; 1 negative : ill. b&w ; 5 in. x 4 in. 1 original : ill. b&w ; 9 15/16 in. x 3 5/8 in. (25.3 cm x 9.3 cm) Roy Phelix Best (1900-1954) was Special Deputy Warden of the Colorado State Penitentiary prior to being appointed warden by Governor William Adams in mid-1932. Best came to Canon City after the destructive prison riots of 1929. He was given the responsibility of replacing almost the entire physical plant. He has been given credit for rebuilding the buildings at minimal cost to taxpayers. He also created a nationally respected industrial system which employed most of the prisoners under his care. His overall policy was "discipline without tryanny" and "No work, no play". This album of 111 black and white photographs is part of a collection of prison- related manuscript materials recovered from their storage in a tunnel under the prison buildings. The photographs document construction and activities of the prison during the first two years of Roy Best's time as warden. This was to be the location of the new women's prison which was completed in 1935. View of the site for the new Women's Prison at the Colorado State Penitentiary in Canon City, Colorado; photo was taken, May 6, 1933, outside the east prison walls looking north-west; dirt access road in foreground; prison wall with guard tower in middle ground; hills in background; handwritten on photo at bottom: "Site for New Female Quarters 5/6/33".

TIFF; 1 negative : ill. b&w ; 5 in. x 4 in. 1 original : ill. b&w ; 7 15/16 in. x 3 1/16 in. (20.3 cm x 9.4 cm) Roy Phelix Best (1900-1954) was Special Deputy Warden of the Colorado State Penitentiary prior to being appointed warden by Governor William Adams in mid-1932. Best came to Canon City after the destructive prison riots of 1929. He was given the responsibility of replacing almost the entire physical plant. He has been given credit for rebuilding the buildings at minimal cost to taxpayers. He also created a nationally respected industrial system which employed most of the prisoners under his care. His overall policy was "discipline without tryanny" and "No work, no play". This album of 111 black and white photographs is part of a collection of prison- related manuscript materials recovered from their storage in a tunnel under the prison buildings. The photographs document construction and activities of the prison during the first two years of Roy Best's time as warden. The legislature appropriated, for the hospital expansion, the amount of $13,000. This included overhaul of plumbing and electrical wiring and expanded rooms. An additional request for $18,500 was required for completion of the project. The new space also provided for x-ray and laboratory as well as a surgical ward. It included a drug room, offices for physicians, dental and examination rooms. Construction was completed in 1933 during Best's 2nd term. Dental equipment cost $1500; X-ray equipment cost $2500. View of the hospital grounds and its new addition at the Colorado State Penitentiary in Canon City, Colorado; taken May 10, 1933; lawn in foreground; hospital in middle ground; hills in background; two-story stone building with 5-columned entrance porch and new addition on left end of building; workers on scaffolding in front of addition; prison walls run on both sides of hopital; people standing in front of bulding and prison walls; written in upper left corner: "May 10-33".

TIFF; Roy Phelix Best (1900-1954) was Special Deputy Warden of the Colorado State Penitentiary prior to being appointed warden by Governor William Adams in mid-1932. Best came to Canon City after the destructive prison riots of 1929. He was given the responsibility of replacing almost the entire physical plant. He has been given credit for rebuilding the buildings at minimal cost to taxpayers. He also created a nationally respected industrial system which employed most of the prisoners under his care. His overall policy was "discipline without tryanny" and "No work, no play". This album of 111 black and white photographs is part of a collection of prison- related manuscript materials recovered from their storage in a tunnel under the prison buildings. The photographs document construction and activities of the prison during the first two years of Roy Best's time as warden. View of the front of the Death House of the Colorado State Penitentiary in Canon City, Colorado; a close-up of the brick building takes up most of the photo; barred, doubled door at right in building with man standing left of it. The death house was where men with a death sentence were housed and execution by hanging took place. It is believed that the small cell house was constructed around 1905. The death house had a hanging machine, designed by an unknown prisoner, which allowed the condemned prisoner to step on a switch and put the sentence into action himself. The machine was designed with a system of weights that were suppose to snap the man's neck in a matter of seconds. However, it sometimes mal-functioned causing the man to strangle for several minutes. A Denver Post reporter observed two hangings in 1896 where it worked effectively for one and failed to function quickly for the other. From 1871-1897 (from 1897-1901, the death penalty was abolished in Colorado) and again from 1901-1933 death was by hanging. In 1890, the law for the first time required that death sentences be handled at the prison and not in the county where the prisoner was convicted. This law prohibited public attendance at executions. Warden Smith (1890-92) objected because he did not want the penitentiary to become a killing machine. Regardless of his objections, all future hangings took place at the prison. The last hanging was Walter Johnson executed on December 1, 1933. From 1934-1987, death was by the gas chamber. The first man in the gas chamber was William Cody Kelly executed on June 22, 1934. From 1987 to present day, death is by lethal injection. Digital image created from copy negative. 1 negative : ill. b&w ; 5 in. x 4 in. 1 original : ill. b&w ; 5 5/8 in. x 3 3/8 in. (14.4 cm x 8.6 cm)

TIFF; 1 negative : ill. b&w : 5 in. x 4 in. 1 original : ill. b&w ; 9 3/4 in. x 3 3/8 in. (24.8 cm x 8.6 cm) Roy Phelix Best (1900-1954) was Special Deputy Warden of the Colorado State Penitentiary prior to being appointed warden by Governor William Adams in mid-1932. Best came to Canon City after the destructive prison riots of 1929. He was given the responsibility of replacing almost the entire physical plant. He has been given credit for rebuilding the buildings at minimal cost to taxpayers. He also created a nationally respected industrial system which employed most of the prisoners under his care. His overall policy was "discipline without tryanny" and "No work, no play". This album of 111 black and white photographs is part of a collection of prison- related manuscript materials recovered from their storage in a tunnel under the prison buildings. The photographs document construction and activities of the prison during the first two years of Roy Best's time as warden. View of the interior of the Colorado State Penitentiary in Canon City, Colorado; taken facing west on September 9, 1932; on left is Cellhouse 1 with the tag plant to the north of it; on the right is the row of industrial buildings with the death house in the foreground (death house was where executions by hanging were carried out); handwritten on photo by appropriate buildings are "C.H. # 1" and an arrow with "DEATH-HOUSE" below it; small garden by tag shop; 5 men in the yard; tower # 9 is in right front; hills in background; written in upper left corner: "Sep-9-32". The Tag Plant was in the old boiler house which had been converted in 1925-26. During the riot of 1929 the Tag Plant was gutted along with 100,000 1930 license plates for the state of Colorado. The prison told the state they would simply have to have them made somewhere else. Death house is where executions by hanging were carried out. Digital image created from copy negative.

TIFF; 1 negative : ill. b&w ; 5 in. x 4 in. 1 original : ill. b&w ; 9 5/8 in. x 6 15/16 in. (24.5 cm x 17.8 cm) Roy Phelix Best (1900-1954) was Special Deputy Warden of the Colorado State Penitentiary prior to being appointed warden by Governor William Adams in mid-1932. Best came to Canon City after the destructive prison riots of 1929. He was given the responsibility of replacing almost the entire physical plant. He has been given credit for rebuilding the buildings at minimal cost to taxpayers. He also created a nationally respected industrial system which employed most of the prisoners under his care. His overall policy was "discipline without tryanny" and "No work, no play". This album of 111 black and white photographs is part of a collection of prison- related manuscript materials recovered from their storage in a tunnel under the prison buildings. The photographs document construction and activities of the prison during the first two years of Roy Best's time as warden. The new dining room was built in 1930 and was set up to alleviate future problems while prisoners were eating. In 1929 it was in the dining room that the first guard was killed coming down from a tower located in the dining room at the time. The new dining room was divided in two and a central tower was located between the rooms. Another gun tower was located in the rear where there was access to the deputy warden's office. In 1932, Best completed the dining hall, installed new tables and steam tables in order to have the cafeteria system of eating. View of the interior of the dining room of the Colorado State Penitentiary in Canon City, Colorado; taken on December 25, 1933; rows of tables and benches stretch from foreground to background; each of the room's supporting columns are decorated and hung with garlands, bells and bows; in the far back, a decorated Christmas tree is standing left of a barred entrance; typed label attached tolower edge of photograph: "DINING ROOOM NO. 1 WITH CHRISTMAS DECORATIONS. DECEMBER 25, 1933".

TIFF; 1 negative : ill. b&w ; 5 in. x 4 in. 1 original : ill. b&w ; 9 3/4 in. x 3 3/8 in. (24.8 cm x 8.6 cm) View inside prison grounds of the Colorado State Penitentiary in Canon City, Colorado; taken from roof of administration building looking north; open area in immediate foreground; building on the far left is Cellhouse 4; Cellhouse 2 and 3 are connected to the central building on the left-hand side of photo; connected to the central building on the right is Cellhouse 1; tower visible at center back; hogback ridge and quarry in background; written in upper right corner: Aug 4 - 32". The central building was completely gutted by fire during the riot of 1929. George Reilly was in the chapel when the riot started and decided to set it on fire. Although he was not in on the planning of the riot, he soon became one of it's leaders and died along with three other prisoners in a murder/suicide pact at the end. Cellhouses 1 & 2 were also severely damaged during the riot. The rebuilding of the central building was completed for the most part by Warden Crawford in 1930. He fireproofed the building and made needed changes using $67,000 of the state's Fire Fund. The central building contained: the dining room, Deputy Warden's office, library, identification bureau on the first floor and the chapel and multi-purpose room on the upper level. Titled by cataloger. Digital image created from copy negative. Roy Phelix Best (1900-1954) was Special Deputy Warden of the Colorado State Penitentiary prior to being appointed warden by Governor William Adams in mid-1932. Best came to Canon City after the destructive prison riots of 1929. He was given the responsibility of replacing almost the entire physical plant. He has been given credit for rebuilding the buildings at minimal cost to taxpayers. He also created a nationally respected industrial system which employed most of the prisoners under his care. His overall policy was "discipline without tryanny" and "No work, no play". This album of 111 black and white photographs is part of a collection of prison- related manuscript materials recovered from their storage in a tunnel under the prison buildings. The photographs document construction and activities of the prison during the first two years of Roy Best's time as warden.

TIFF; 1 negative : ill. b&w ; 5 in. x 4 in. 1 original : ill. b&w ; 9 3/4 in. x 3 5/16 in. (24.8 cm x 8.5 cm) Roy Phelix Best (1900-1954) was Special Deputy Warden of the Colorado State Penitentiary prior to being appointed warden by Governor William Adams in mid-1932. Best came to Canon City after the destructive prison riots of 1929. He was given the responsibility of replacing almost the entire physical plant. He has been given credit for rebuilding the buildings at minimal cost to taxpayers. He also created a nationally respected industrial system which employed most of the prisoners under his care. His overall policy was "discipline without tryanny" and "No work, no play". This album of 111 black and white photographs is part of a collection of prison- related manuscript materials recovered from their storage in a tunnel under the prison buildings. The photographs document construction and activities of the prison during the first two years of Roy Best's time as warden. Date written along ditch reads: "August 4, 1934. Titled by cataloger. Black and white photograph shows buildings and the wall of the Colorado State Penitentiary from inside looking east; at left, the Canon City Hydraulic Ditch runs all the way back to Tower 8; buildings in back and on right border an open area; an arrows written on photo points to buildings labeled "HOT HOUSE, BOILER HOUSE, and ADM. BLDG."; Turkey Cage in place on administration building roof; building behind the hot house (greenhouse) is the hospital.

TIFF; 1 negative : ill. b&w ; 5 in. x 4 in. 1 original : ill. b&w ; 9 9/16 in. x 6 15/16 in. (24.4 cm x 17.8 cm) Roy Phelix Best (1900-1954) was Special Deputy Warden of the Colorado State Penitentiary prior to being appointed warden by Governor William Adams in mid-1932. Best came to Canon City after the destructive prison riots of 1929. He was given the responsibility of replacing almost the entire physical plant. He has been given credit for rebuilding the buildings at minimal cost to taxpayers. He also created a nationally respected industrial system which employed most of the prisoners under his care. His overall policy was "discipline without tryanny" and "No work, no play". This album of 111 black and white photographs is part of a collection of prison- related manuscript materials recovered from their storage in a tunnel under the prison buildings. The photographs document construction and activities of the prison during the first two years of Roy Best's time as warden. The fire during the Riot of 1929 destroyed the old chapel and the new multi-purpose room was used for services on Sunday. It had new seating installed in Best's 1932 term. Movie equipment was acquired by CSP and installed in order to show weekly movies to the prisoners. Black and white photograph taken from back of room showing rows of seated prisoners watching show on stage in the multi-purpose room located in the central building; stage in background; 5 guards stand in foreground, also watching; open metal girders across ceiling from foreground to back; three men in black-face on stage in background; typed label attached to photo at lower edge: "INMATES AT MINSTREL SHOW JANUARY 1, 1934".

TIFF; 1 film negative : ill. b&w ; 5 in. x 4 in. 1 original : ill. b&w ; 9 13/16 in. x 3 3/8 in. (24.8 cm x 8.6 cm) Roy Phelix Best (1900-1954) was Special Deputy Warden of the Colorado State Penitentiary prior to being appointed warden by Governor William Adams in mid-1932. Best came to Canon City after the destructive prison riots of 1929. He was given the responsibility of replacing almost the entire physical plant. He has been given credit for rebuilding the buildings at minimal cost to taxpayers. He also created a nationally respected industrial system which employed most of the prisoners under his care. His overall policy was "discipline without tryanny" and "No work, no play". This album of 111 black and white photographs is part of a collection of prison- related manuscript materials recovered from their storage in a tunnel under the prison buildings. The photographs document construction and activities of the prison during the first two years of Roy Best's time as warden. View of the west side of the Colorado State Pentientiary in Canon City, Colorado; taken August 4, 1932, looking north; West prison gate is on the right side of picture; man standing on wall; building in left rear of photo is the garage with garage tower and nearby scales and storeroom; the storeroom was an old barn which was used to house prisoners after the riot until the tag shop could be converted; the barn was then used for storage; hillside in background; written in upper right corner: "Aug 4, 32". In 1933 funding was appropriated in order to convert the barn into a storage facility. The storeroom was remodeled in 1934 by adding additional shelving and butcher shop with two refrigerator units - one cooler for meat, the other for dried fruit. Electric wiring was rerouted and electric switches were moved to tower 8 in order to have more centrally located access in case of emergency. The prisoners who caused the riot of 1929 cut electrical power within the walls. After the 1929 riot, all towers were raised and bullet-proof glass installed.

TIFF; 1 negative : ill. b&w ; 5 in. x 4 in. 1 original : ill. b&w ; 9 13/16 in. x 3 7/16 in. (24.9 cm x 8.7 cm) Tower and gate in center of the photo were built by Hoyt but were remodeled and equipped with bulletproof glass during Best's 1st term as warden. Prison wall was extended until it reached the north cliff behind the prison. Best recommended the construction of a new women's prison on the grounds beyond the tower next to the outside wall on the east. His objective was to use the current women's prison building for segregation of hardened criminals because the women's facility was segregated inside the prison walls. The committee who made recommendation following the riot of 1929 suggested it was time for such segregation, although this was not a new concept. Titled by cataloger. Roy Phelix Best (1900-1954) was Special Deputy Warden of the Colorado State Penitentiary prior to being appointed warden by Governor William Adams in mid-1932. Best came to Canon City after the destructive prison riots of 1929. He was given the responsibility of replacing almost the entire physical plant. He has been given credit for rebuilding the buildings at minimal cost to taxpayers. He also created a nationally respected industrial system which employed most of the prisoners under his care. His overall policy was "discipline without tryanny" and "No work, no play". These 111 photographs were taken about 1932-1934 during the beginning of Best's reconstruction programs. View of the east wall of the Colorado State Penitentiary from Main Street in Canon City, Colorado; taken from outside prison facing west; dirt road in right foreground and utility pole on left; east stone wall with east gate and guard tower in middle ground; quarry and hogbacks in background; written in upper right corner: "Aug 4 - 32".

TIFF; 1 negative : ill. b&w ; 5 in. x 4 in. 1 original : ill. b&w ; 9 5/8 in. x 7 3/16 in. (24.5 cm x 18.3 cm) Roy Phelix Best (1900-1954) was Special Deputy Warden of the Colorado State Penitentiary prior to being appointed warden by Governor William Adams in mid-1932. Best came to Canon City after the destructive prison riots of 1929. He was given the responsibility of replacing almost the entire physical plant. He has been given credit for rebuilding the buildings at minimal cost to taxpayers. He also created a nationally respected industrial system which employed most of the prisoners under his care. His overall policy was "discipline without tryanny" and "No work, no play". These 111 photographs were taken about 1932-1934 during the beginning of Best's reconstruction programs. Black and white photograph shows a Colorado State Penitentiary musical group and ministral performers on stage in the multi-purpose room; 23 men on stage (14 in black-face) and 1 woman (or man dressed as a woman); all in formal dress in background; 10 men in prison orchestra sitting below stage in foreground; New Years Day celebration, January 1, 1934 for the prisoners; stage trimmed in starred bunting along edge; typed label attached to lower edge of photograph: "ORCHESTRA AND MINSTREL SHOW OF JANUARY 1, 1934". The fire during the Riot of 1929 destroyed the old chapel, A new multi-purpose room over the dining room in Central building was used for services on Sunday. It had new seating installed in Best's 1932 term. Movie equipment was acquired by Colorado State Penitentiary and installed in order to show weekly movies to the prisoners. The prison orchestra had 27 members at this point and the band 34. Best made sure the members of these organizations had time to practice. Best had specific rules of conduct and one rule was: "Lots of work and lots of play; no work, no play".

TIFF; Roy Phelix Best (1900-1954) was Special Deputy Warden of the Colorado State Penitentiary prior to being appointed warden by Governor William Adams in mid-1932. Best came to Canon City after the destructive prison riots of 1929. He was given the responsibility of replacing almost the entire physical plant. He has been given credit for rebuilding the buildings at minimal cost to taxpayers. He also created a nationally respected industrial system which employed most of the prisoners under his care. His overall policy was "discipline without tryanny" and "No work, no play". This album of 111 black and white photographs is part of a collection of prison- related manuscript materials recovered from their storage in a tunnel under the prison buildings. The photographs document construction and activities of the prison during the first two years of Roy Best's time as warden. View of the front of the Colorado State Penitentiary Administration building from Main Street in Canon City, Colorado; shows three-story stone building after the addition of a two-story front porch; building was built in 1910 at a cost of $125,000; porch has 4 columns at each level; prison band used the upper level balcony to perform for the public on Sunday afternoons; cars shown parked in front of building; tree in left foreground; photograph labeled "ADM. BUILDING". Best completed a tunnel between the administration building and the central building in order to allow the guards to enter the building without detection before their shift. He made this addition to avoid difficulties which occurred during the 1929 Riot. At one point in Best's administration, a prisoner actually went into the tunnel and attacked a guard on his way to work. The guard fought the prisoner off before he got his gun but could not identify him. Best had every prisoner, who was out of his cell, walk in front of him and he examined his boots. Best knew that the tunnel was muddy and the guilty party would have muddy shoes. When he found him, Best punished him on the old Gray Mare. Repairs made to the Administration Building during Best's administration include: roof repair; a place on top of the Administration building where guards could be protected but effective in a riot or escape (Turkey Cage); offices decorated; rewiring and added safety switch panels and fuse boxes placed within the Turkey Cage to allow control and eliminating the possibility of outside interference. Titled by cataloger. 1 negative : ill. b&w ; 5 in. x 4 in. 1 original : ill. b&w ; 5 11/16 in. x 3 7/16 in. (14.5 cm x 8.7 cm)

TIFF; 1 negative : ill. b&w ; 5 in. x 4 in. 1 original : ill. b&w ; 9 3/4 in. x 3 7/16 in. (24.8 cm x 8.7 cm) Roy Phelix Best (1900-1954) was Special Deputy Warden of the Colorado State Penitentiary prior to being appointed warden by Governor William Adams in mid-1932. Best came to Canon City after the destructive prison riots of 1929. He was given the responsibility of replacing almost the entire physical plant. He has been given credit for rebuilding the buildings at minimal cost to taxpayers. He also created a nationally respected industrial system which employed most of the prisoners under his care. His overall policy was "discipline without tryanny" and "No work, no play". This album of 111 black and white photographs is part of a collection of prison- related manuscript materials recovered from their storage in a tunnel under the prison buildings. The photographs document construction and activities of the prison during the first two years of Roy Best's time as warden. View of the front of the Colorado State Penitentiary from Main Street in Canon City, Colorado; parklike open area with trees in foreground; Main Street in middle ground; wall of prison visible behind trees in background; administrative building is shown (after addition of two-story porch) in right background; automobiles parked along street; arrow written on picture with words: "ADM. BLDG." , also "FRONT OF PRISON".

TIFF; Clarence P. Hoyt was Warden of the Colorado State Penitentiary during three different terms spanning about two decades: Nov 30, 1882-Nov 30,1884; Nov 30, 1886-Nov 30,1888; Nov 30, 1898-Nov 30,1900. An album of 31 albumen photographs of the penitentiary was donated to the Canon City Public Library Local History Center by Mr. Hoyt's grandson and family. These photographs, probably taken during Warden Hoyt's last term, represent events and practices that shaped the Colorado State Prison system during its early history and delineate ideas that shape its later history. 1 original: ill. b&w ; 8 in x 6 in. (20.5 cm x 15 cm) on 8 in x 10 in. card. This portrait probably taken during Hoyt's first term. Digital image created from original. Albumen portrait of Warden Clarence P. Hoyt; has curley hair, a receeding hairline and a thick mutton-chop mustache; wearing a suit and vest with a starched shirt and a bowtie of grosgrain ribbon.